Monograph on Humans and Nature in Krayan, North Kalimantan

Title: Jejak Peradaban Manusia Sungai Krayan (Traces of Human Civilization in the Krayan River)
Page Count: 320
Authors: Dr. Yansen TP, M. Si. and Masri Sareb Putra, M.A.
Publisher: Dayak Literacy Institute
Publication Year: 2022

A study or publication on a specific topic in the realm of academia is termed a “monograph.” The word derives from Greek, where monos means single and grafein means writing.

This book, a result of field research by two Dayak researchers and authors, falls into the monograph category. It serves as a comprehensive guide delving deeper into the traces of human civilization along the Krayan River, offering profound insights into the underlying social narratives and realities.

The authors expand on the topic by exploring how these artifacts and historical remnants reflect various aspects of the daily lives of the Krayan River communities, including their social systems, political structures, and foundational cultural values.

Emphasizing agricultural technologies, such as the stone tabau, provides an intriguing perspective on the level of technological advancement and human intelligence of that era. This can be further explored by discussing how these technologies influenced the lifestyle and economic sustainability of the Krayan River communities.

Historic sites in Krayan

In explaining discoveries such as ancient graves in the Batu Sicien cave, Tang Payeh, the authors highlight the significance of these archaeological findings in understanding the history and development of the Krayan River society. This can be combined with an analysis of the community's spiritual life and beliefs, as reflected in their religious practices and customs.

Additionally, this book serves as a platform to delve deeper into cultural aspects such as art, crafts, and local traditions. By presenting various myths and legends, readers can gain a richer understanding of the complex and rich cultural heritage of the Krayan River communities.

In discussing these topics, the authors can employ an interdisciplinary approach, involving history, archaeology, anthropology, and other cultural sciences, to provide a comprehensive and in-depth perspective on the traces of human civilization along the Krayan River.

Legends and Myths

An indigenous community often has legends and myths related to their community, nature, and culture.

Including myths and legends in this book is crucial for weaving together the scattered pieces of history into a cohesive and meaningful narrative.

Myths such as "The Great Flood and the Lengilo Raft" and "Terur Aco" offer deep insights into the origins and development of the Krayan River communities. These are not merely fantastical tales but also reflections of the life, beliefs, and values upheld by these communities. Including these myths allows readers to better understand the cultural identity and spirituality that shape the Krayan River communities.

Moreover, linking myths with archaeological evidence and field research provides a new dimension in understanding the history and culture of these communities. This enables readers to see how myths and social realities interact and form a cohesive whole.

The importance of this approach also lies in recognizing that myths and legends are not just old stories detached from real life but are integral parts of a living and evolving cultural heritage. 

By including these myths in the book, the authors not only reweave fragmented histories but also revive the rich and valuable cultural heritage of the Krayan River communities.

This book truly becomes an engaging platform for readers to explore and deeply understand the traces of human civilization along the Krayan River. It offers opportunities for researchers and readers to provide feedback and improvements to enhance the completeness and depth of the presented narrative. (Ruma Kencana*)

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