The longhouse of the Dayak people and their philosophy


Why are the Dayaks strong? Solids?

When there is distress, reinforcements suddenly flock to help? Dayak is strong in terms of compassion. Resistant to dings. Just in case. And have a worldwide network, which is sometimes considered "magical" by outsiders?

Many (outside) people get it wrong. Dayak-style communal life, not as free as possible. There is a private room (bilek/family house). There are public spaces (los, soa).

The artefacts and noble values ​​of the lamin/betang culture have disappeared; Dayak cultural identity and customs are also lost.

There are special rules, which are contained in customary law, which cannot be violated. Dayak cultural ethics, norms, and customs are very deeply rooted. In such a way, that until now where the majority of Dayaks are, customary law applies.

Eheng Dayak longhouse, East Kalimantan/BAPPEDA Kutai Barat

This is the essence of the book, written by Erika Siluq, a Doctoral candidate. 
This woman is a fighter for Dayak rights and dignity from the Dayak realm in East Kalimantan.

Inevitably. Erika explained how Dayak characters and identities are formed. The artefacts and noble values ​​of the lamin/betang culture have disappeared; Dayak cultural identity and customs are also lost.

The long house is the original traditional house of the Dayak customary law community. The mention of each Dayak sub-ethnic is different. In the Bukit Dayak language it is called a balai or adat hall. In the Benuaq language it is called louu. Longhouse (louu) in English is called longhouse.

Prior to the 1950s, most people lived in longhouse communities. This house consists of family houses connected together. For the Dayak people, a long house is not only the meaning of a long house as a place to live together that is wide and long, but in other anthropological terms it is often called the continent (island) or the entire customary territory (louu benua).

Based on the classification of the area (louu benua) it can be collectively or customary controlled, it can also be controlled as a group as an inheritance, and the individual's territory in the spatial layout of the longhouse community is the same as the spatial layout of their land area/customary land. The long house (loou) is everything related to the social interaction of the community with nature and with God (belief).

According to the mythology of the indigenous Dayak religion, the initial representation of the longhouse, its structure, shape and location where it was right to be built was the result of magical instructions from deceased ancestors as a form of protection for their living descendants.

The Dayak people. The long house (louu) which is interpreted as an area is a symbol of territorial control by a tribe. The sovereignty of the Dayak people in the past was the long house, the forest and the nature around them where they lived according to their customs. 

In ancient times it was told that before the Tumbang Anoi Peace Agreement of 1894, the Dayak sub-tribes often fought for various reasons, one of which was the struggle for territory and natural wealth. Therefore, the main reason for building long houses is to protect themselves/the tribe from enemy attacks (head hunters).

In full, this book narrates the philosophy of the lamin/longhouse of the Dayak people. *)

Next Post Previous Post
No Comment
Add Comment
comment url