The Green Areas of Kalimantan are Dayak Settlements and Customary Lands

The green areas of Kalimantan are Dayak settlements and customary. Landssource: https://www.grida.no/resources/8324

Take a close look at the map of Kalimantan in the illustration!

The green areas in Kalimantan indicate Dayak settlements that still maintain their natural beauty. The Dayak people live in harmony with nature, acting as inseparable guardians of their way of life.

Nevertheless, various interpretations arise regarding these changes, raising questions about their implications. 

What do they mean? 

They signify that fallow fields are part of local wisdom. The natural cycle will soon return; before long, the greenery will grow back, as fields burnt to produce ash and charcoal that enriches the soil receive rain. 

Soon, these green fields will be covered with various vegetables, rice, corn, and other crops.

Far more dangerous than fields: why are they not only left alone but encouraged?

However, mines? Mining areas will damage the location. It can take between 50 to even 100 years for recovery. In many places, it becomes a pond that contaminates the environment and damages nature, leaving behind mercury.

Mercury is one of the metals often used in mining processes, especially in gold mining and other metal ore mines. 

In this context, mercury can appear in mined land areas because it is used in separating gold from its metal ore. 

This process is known as amalgamation, where mercury is mixed with gold ore to form amalgam, which is then separated by heating.

Environment Dayak Earth

The use of mercury in mining can cause serious environmental pollution. 

When mercury is released into the environment, whether through air, water, or soil, it can become toxic to living organisms and potentially pollute water and soil used for agriculture or human and animal consumption. 

Deforestation in Kalimantan because HPH, mining, and large plantations.

Therefore, strict management and monitoring are necessary in the mining industry to reduce the risk of mercury pollution and its negative impacts on the environment and human health.

Ladang = Dayak natural order

In an effort to preserve the Borneo environment and culture, only a few truly care. Ethnic descendants and individuals who love nature are most important. However, from 1950 to 2020, Borneo's forest areas have been increasingly reduced due to deforestation.

The green parts of Kalimantan indicate the Dayak settlement area that still maintains its natural beauty. 

The Dayak people live in harmony with nature, becoming inseparable guardians of their lives. Nevertheless, many interpretations have emerged about the meaning of these changes, raising questions about their implications. 

Since ancient times, the green parts of Kalimantan have been the Dayak people's customary land, especially in the Borneo Highlands. Their settlement area is still adorned with natural greenery, while the white or red areas on the map mean: Deforestation in Kalimantan because HPH, mining, and large plantations.

The accusation of deforestation often affects the indigenous people of Borneo, even though they have been living alongside nature wisely since ancient times. 

The accusation that Dayak slash-and-burn practices harm the environment is false information that needs to be countered with historical facts.

The Dayak slash-and-burn system to affirm the truth of their practices. 

When discussing "tribes" Dayak, we are referring to a community that is spread across several countries but has the same ethnic identity. 

Dayak Slash-and-Burn System: Since 10,000 years ago

Since when did the Dayak people know the slash-and-burn system? 

Since they have existed and settled on Earth Borneo. Historical evidence shows the presence of Dayak humans in Niah Cave, Miri, Malaysia, since 46,000 years ago, and since then, slash-and-burn practices have been known to them.

Mochtar Lubis in his book, Manusia Indonesia (1989: 9), wrote, "to this day in our country there are still two million people in Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi and other islands who seek their sustenance with agricultural technology that began 10,000 years before the Prophet Isa."

Thus, slash-and-burn practices have been proven not to massively damage the environment. Therefore, slash-and-burn practices are not an environmental problem but an integral part of Dayak life and sustainability. 

It is important to understand and respect cultural heritage and local knowledge in efforts to preserve the Borneo environment.

Through a deeper understanding of the relationship between the Dayak people and nature, we can find sustainable solutions to preserve their environment and cultural heritage in Borneo.

-- Rangkaya Bada

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