Lamin Mancong: The Heart of Dayak Benuaq Heritage in East Kalimantan

The beauty and charm of Lamin Mancong: The Heart of Dayak Benuaq Heritage in East Kalimantan. Photo credit: Dayaklite.

Lamin is the Dayak longhouse in East Kalimantan. In its native language, it's called rumah panyae in Iban, rumah radakng in Kanayatn, ompu' domu' in Bidayuh, and ruma' kadakng in Lengilo.

If you ever have the chance to travel to East Kalimantan, don't miss the opportunity to visit Lamin Mancong for its rich historical and cultural significance.

A traditional longhouse located in Mancong Village

Lamin Mancong, also known as Lo’u Mancunk in the Dayak Benuaq language, is a traditional longhouse located in Mancong Village, Jempang District, Kutai Barat Regency. This longhouse is not just a physical structure but a symbol of the cultural heritage and history of the Dayak Benuaq community in East Kalimantan.

It was built in 1920 by Temenggung Bank (Kakah Biru) and his family. Initially, Lamin Mancong was constructed mimicking the motifs of the royal palace of the Kutai Kartanegara Kingdom, albeit without official permission. 

This was later discovered by the Sultan of Kutai Kartanegara, who sentenced Temenggung Bank to three months' imprisonment in Tenggarong.

A center for cultural and traditional activities of the Dayak Benuaq

Over time, Lamin Mancong evolved beyond being a residence for Temenggung Bank's family to becoming a center for cultural and traditional activities of the Dayak Benuaq people in Mancong. It serves as a venue for various customary ceremonies such as berinuk (welcoming ceremonies for important guests), belian (healing rituals), and the resolution of customary disputes. 

The longhouse is a vital gathering place and a custodian of the traditions and cultural identity of the Dayak Benuaq community.

Lamin Mancong not only showcases the beauty of traditional Dayak Benuaq architecture but also stands as a testament to the historical journey and continuity of cultural practices passed down through generations.

(X-5/Dayaklite)

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